Paul brings up specific sins that Israel indulged in that the Church in Corinth was flirting with and taught them how God is faithful both to His justice in condemning sin and faithful to His mercy in every temptation. There are comfort and concern for the Christian even in the covenant of Grace, and what we should beware of most of all, is pride coming from assurance in anything other than Christ himself!
Family or Covenant? (1 Samuel 20:24-42)
Saul demonstrates his true allegiance is to himself while pretending a concern for family and Jonathan’s throne, while David remains in fear and sorrow for his desperate condition while he remains prayerless, but Jonathan shines through with steadfast covenant allegiance – girding up his faith and securing his posterity in the Lord’s anointed. Amazing how God’s covenant both dismantles families through war with unbelief and also establishes families with grace!
Christ the Rock Part 1 (1 Corinthians 10:1-13)
Perhaps one of the most important chapters in the whole book we have come to today. Not just for Paul’s particular argument to the Corinthians about meat sacrificed to idols, but for the continuity of revelation in general. Here Paul treats these Gentile Corinthians like the author of Hebrews, as able to keep up with Old Testament deep theologizing! He mines the Old Testament in several parts to warn the Corinthians of their pride and their tendency to trust in their own strength (the flesh) rather than Christ.
Fear and Faithfulness (1 Samuel 20:1-23)
The tension in Davids relationship with Saul has been growing and attempts on his life almost seem redundant at this point, but it should be noted that chapter 18 focuses on David, 19, focuses on Saul and the Spirit thwarting him, in 20 the focus returns to Jonathan. In this chapter, he shines brighter than the typological David himself as he demonstrates and insist upon covenant love.
Why Incarnation? (Luke 1:26-38)
Looking through the text I found at least five reasons ‘Why’ the incarnation, but I believe these can be grouped into two main goals of Jesus, namely: in order to save His people; and to share with His people everything He has.
How Can This Be? (Luke 1:26-38)
The birth of Christ is filled with mystery, but there is also a lot of very normal and mundane surrounding it. Even the announcement of His birth is a picture of how God loves to marry the impossible with the normal, reflecting the character of Jesus Himself, the God-man.
Gospel Condescension (1 Corinthians 9:19-27)
When we sink down into the mercies of God in Christ FOR us. We will present our bodies as living sacrifices, willing to give up in love whatever will be beneficial to others – and vigorously strive after unfettered communion with Christ. Are you a Christian TOP athlete? Does your Spiritual diet say so? If not, look to the condescension of Christ for you. Consider that he came from Heaven to Earth to give up His equality with God and take on your sin, that you might be the righteousness of God! Don’t you see that Christ’s condescension to us empowers our condescension to others!
Sovereign Spirit (1 Samuel 19:11-27)
Life in the Spirit
8:1 There is therefore now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus. 2 For the law of the Spirit of life has set you free in Christ Jesus from the law of sin and death. 3 For God has done what the law, weakened by the flesh, could not do. By sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh and for sin, he condemned sin in the flesh, 4 in order that the righteous requirement of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not according to the flesh but according to the Spirit. 5 For those who live according to the flesh set their minds on the things of the flesh, but those who live according to the Spirit set their minds on the things of the Spirit. 6 For to set the mind on the flesh is death, but to set the mind on the Spirit is life and peace. 7 For the mind that is set on the flesh is hostile to God, for it does not submit to God’s law; indeed, it cannot. 8 Those who are in the flesh cannot please God.
9 You, however, are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if in fact the Spirit of God dwells in you. Anyone who does not have the Spirit of Christ does not belong to him. 10 But if Christ is in you, although the body is dead because of sin, the Spirit is life because of righteousness. 11 If the Spirit of him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, he who raised Christ Jesus from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through his Spirit who dwells in you.
Heirs with Christ
12 So then, brothers, we are debtors, not to the flesh, to live according to the flesh. 13 For if you live according to the flesh you will die, but if by the Spirit you put to death the deeds of the body, you will live. 14 For all who are led by the Spirit of God are sons of God. 15 For you did not receive the spirit of slavery to fall back into fear, but you have received the Spirit of adoption as sons, by whom we cry, “Abba! Father!” 16 The Spirit himself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God, 17 and if children, then heirs—heirs of God and fellow heirs with Christ, provided we suffer with him in order that we may also be glorified with him.
18 For I consider that the sufferings of this present time are not worth comparing with the glory that is to be revealed to us. 19 For the creation waits with eager longing for the revealing of the sons of God. 20 For the creation was subjected to futility, not willingly, but because of him who subjected it, in hope 21 that the creation itself will be set free from its bondage to corruption and obtain the freedom of the glory of the children of God. 22 For we know that the whole creation has been groaning together in the pains of childbirth until now. 23 And not only the creation, but we ourselves, who have the firstfruits of the Spirit, groan inwardly as we wait eagerly for adoption as sons, the redemption of our bodies. 24 For in this hope we were saved. Now hope that is seen is not hope. For who hopes for what he sees? 25 But if we hope for what we do not see, we wait for it with patience.
26 Likewise the Spirit helps us in our weakness. For we do not know what to pray for as we ought, but the Spirit himself intercedes for us with groanings too deep for words. 27 And he who searches hearts knows what is the mind of the Spirit, because the Spirit intercedes for the saints according to the will of God. 28 And we know that for those who love God all things work together for good, for those who are called according to his purpose. 29 For those whom he foreknew he also predestined to be conformed to the image of his Son, in order that he might be the firstborn among many brothers. 30 And those whom he predestined he also called, and those whom he called he also justified, and those whom he justified he also glorified.
God’s Everlasting Love
31 What then shall we say to these things? If God is for us, who can be against us? 32 He who did not spare his own Son but gave him up for us all, how will he not also with him graciously give us all things? 33 Who shall bring any charge against God’s elect? It is God who justifies. 34 Who is to condemn? Christ Jesus is the one who died—more than that, who was raised—who is at the right hand of God, who indeed is interceding for us. 35 Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? Shall tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or danger, or sword? 36 As it is written,
“For your sake we are being killed all the day long;
we are regarded as sheep to be slaughtered.”
37 No, in all these things we are more than conquerors through him who loved us. 38 For I am sure that neither death nor life, nor angels nor rulers, nor things present nor things to come, nor powers, 39 nor height nor depth, nor anything else in all creation, will be able to separate us from the love of God in Christ Jesus our Lord. (ESV)
we get the Redemption clue which ultimately climaxes in “Resurrection” and “Glorification” and Paul shows it as the great and varied work of the Spirit – to use all things in our lives to Redeem us body and soul. This is the same Spirit that Jesus says is like the wind, “you do not know where it comes from or where it goes.” From the last two “redemption” stories of
of 1 Samuel, we see this great truth that the Spirit cannot be controlled, but it controls all for the redemption of God’s Bride!
Free Grace (1 Corinthians 9:1-18)
Paul hasn’t gone off topic, nor has he veered away from his tremendous opening emphasis on Love. No, Paul is showing that the power of love to give up the greatest right vindicates both the right and the superior love that gives it up. In order for this to really be LOVE like Christ’s love – for us to understand GRACE – there must be a voluntary nature to it and it must be sacrificial. Have you been a Christian long enough to learn that Grace is great because it is freely given not owed!
Peacemaker and Providence (1 Samuel 19:1-10)
While the natural man in Adam rages against God and His anointed – the Spirit provides peacemakers, picturing Christ (in the OT they are paving the way for Christ) till the Christ Himself appears and is at once the grand peacemaker and the great Warrior God. This salvation drama is most clearly seen in What Vos calls, “Redemptive High Water Marks” and David is certainly one of the greatest OT high water marks – but the drama will play out in every child of God. Providence will thrust us into the conflict of the seed of the woman and the serpent and when it does we may find protection in unlikely places! Just as David.